The vestibular system includes the parts of the inner ear and brain that process the sensory information involved with controlling balance and eye movements. If disease or injury damages these processing areas, then vestibular disorders can result. When the vestibular system is damaged, the brain can no longer rely on it for accurate information about equilibrium and motion, often resulting in dizziness, vertigo, and balance problems.
Vestibular rehabilitation is an exercise-based therapy program that can help eliminate or significantly reduce an individual’s symptoms. A vestibular rehabilitation program is designed to decrease an individual’s dizziness and visual symptoms, as well as increase their balance and walking functions, which will ultimately increase the individual’s general activity level.
Common causes of vestibular dysfunction include:
Migraine related dizziness
Post Concussive Syndrome/Head Trauma
Ototoxicity (ex. Gentamicin toxicity)
Mal de Debarquement Syndrome
Therapy may include:
Exercises for coordinating eyes and head movements
Performing habituation exercises to desensitize the vestibular system
"I had an offroad motorcycle accident about 4 years ago and never got quiteright afterwardsI haven't been able to run and it got to the point walking down stairs became a huge challenge, because of the constant pain in both kneesAfter a complete workup by an orthopedic surgeon, the best course of action turned out to be a recommendation for physical therapy I was skeptical at bestI thought I was in pretty good physical shape and didn't really expect a lot of improvement Huge changeIn less than 2 months I feel like someone hasgiven me a new set of knees the pain I've been living with for the last 4 years is almost completely gone I'm truly amazed at how well physical therapy worked"